Brook Trout

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Brook Trout


Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) is a species of freshwater fish in the family Salmonidae. It is native to rivers of North America, but has also been artificially introduced in Europe and elsewhere. Brook Trout prefer clear water and are usually found in large and small lakes, rivers and streams. The species is dark-green to brown in color, with a distinctive marbled pattern of lighter shades extending across the sides and back to the tail and a reddish belly. Typical lengths of the brook trout vary from 25 to 65 cm (9.8 to 25.6 in), and weights from 0.3 to 3 kg (0.66 to 6.61 lb). The maximum recorded length is 86 cm (34 in) and maximum weight 6.6 kg (15 lb). Brooks have a diverse diet that includes insects, frogs, mollusks, small fish and invertebrates.

Average weight (lb.) 1.10
(kg.) 0.50
Maximum weight (lb.) ≈ 4.40
(kg.) ≈ 2.00


Recommended fishing methods and tackle

Brook Trout are less plentiful and tougher to catch than their distant cousins the Rainbow Trout and the Brown Trout. Many of the same techniques that work for Rainbows or Browns will work for Brook trout. They often live in the same places and eat the same things, however bigger Brooks tend to predate more on fish.

When looking for them, try to fish near or behind rocks and other structure. The fish hide close to these, in deep water, and pounce on things that float by.

An ultra light rod and reel are usually sufficient to land most of them. When fishing for brook trout it's recommended to fish with the lightest possible line. Trout have good eyesight and will often be scared away by line that is too thick or too visible. As general advice, fish with 6 lb fluorocarbon line or 2-4 lb mono line.

Brook trout attacks a wide variety of lures, including spinners, spoons and crankbaits. Sometimes trout are focused on insects, so try small lures that are imitating them. You can cast them with regular spinning gear, at long enough distance, sufficient to reach trout' gathering places. After cast VERY SLOWLY retrieve lure back so that it looks like a bug drifting along. Watch carefully the line, trout takes the lure "on the fly" and sometimes you have to be very fast on the hook-set.